TheTaxHeaven Dictionary - Know the meaning of tax

What is Tort Law?

Tort law deals with civil suits outside of contractual disputes. It handles wrongful acts causing harm or loss, aiming to compensate the injured party and deter harmful behavior. The injured party is the complainant, and the wrongdoer is the defendant. 

Tort law makes those responsible for harming others liable for their actions. Typical compensation includes lost income, payment for pain and suffering, and medical expenses. Punitive damages may also be awarded to punish the defendant. 

Types of Tort Law 

There are three main categories of tort law: negligence tort, intentional torts, and strict liability tort. 

  • Negligence tort occurs when harm is caused by someone's failure to act with reasonable care. An example is a car accident caused by negligence.

  • Intentional torts are deliberate wrongdoings, such as battery, fraud, and trespass.

  • Strict liability tort doesn't consider the fault or intent of the perpetrator. It focuses on the harmful action. For instance, producing a faulty product makes one liable for the damage, regardless of intent or care taken.