An asset is a valuable resource owned or controlled by an individual, business, or nation. They are expected to provide future benefits and are listed on a company's balance sheet. Assets could be anything that increases a company's value, improves its operations, or has the potential to generate income or sales in the future. Examples include manufacturing equipment or patents.
An asset is something a company owns or controls that provides income or competitive advantage. The company holds legal rights or claims to its assets, allowing it to determine their use. For an asset to appear on a company's financial statements, the company must own or control it as of the statement date.
Current Assets: These are resources that can be converted into cash or utilized within a year. Examples include cash, accounts receivable, inventory, and prepaid expenses.
Fixed Assets: These are assets with a lifespan of more than a year, such as plants, equipment, and buildings. Their cost is accounted for over time through a process called depreciation.
Financial Assets: These are assets acquired through ownership in another entity or right to receive money. Examples include shares, bonds, and bank deposits. Their value depends on market conditions and the underlying asset.
Intangible Assets: These are non-physical assets with economic value, such as patents, trademarks, and goodwill. Their accounting procedures differ based on the type of asset.