In the realm of income tax, Section 206C(1F) holds a significant position. This section mandates that every seller who receives consideration for the sale of a motor vehicle exceeding Rs.10,00,000/- must collect TCS (Tax Collected at Source) from the buyer at a rate of 1% as income tax. However, it is crucial to understand the scope and applicability of this provision to ensure compliance and avoid any confusion.
Section 206C(1F) of the Income Tax Act deals specifically with the collection of TCS on the sale of motor vehicles. According to this provision, the seller is responsible for collecting tax at source from the buyer when the value of the motor vehicle exceeds INR 10 lakhs. The tax should be collected at the time of receiving the payment from the buyer.
To comprehend the applicability of Section 206C(1F), it is essential to understand the definition of the term "buyer" as specified in the Income Tax Act. The buyer, as per this provision, includes any person who obtains a motor vehicle through a sale. However, certain entities are excluded from this definition, such as the Central Government, State Government, Embassy, High Commission, and other foreign representatives. Additionally, local authorities and public sector companies engaged in the business of passenger transportation are also exempted.
Circular No. 22/2016, issued by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), provides vital clarifications regarding the applicability of Section 206C(1F). This circular states that the provisions of this section should not be applied to the sale of motor vehicles by manufacturers to dealers or distributors. The intention behind this provision is to cover retail sales and not sales between manufacturers and dealers.
The term "retail sales" is crucial to determine the applicability of Section 206C(1F) accurately. While the Income Tax Act does not explicitly define this term, it can be interpreted based on common understanding and dictionary definitions.
According to various dictionaries, retail sales refer to the sale of commodities in small quantities directly to consumers. It involves the distribution or delivery of goods for personal consumption by individuals or groups. In contrast, wholesale sales involve larger quantities of commodities sold to businesses or other retailers.
To further clarify the distinction between different provisions related to TCS, the CBDT issued Circular No. 17/2020. This circular focuses on Section 206C(1H) of the Income Tax Act, which is for the collection of TCS on the sale of goods. It highlights that Section 206C(1F) specifically applies to sales made to consumers and not to dealers. On the other hand, Section 206C(1H) covers all sales above a certain threshold, irrespective of whether the buyer is a consumer or a dealer.
To better understand the practical implications of Section 206C(1F), let's consider a few examples:
Suppose a car dealer sells a BMW car to an individual named Karan for self-consumption. The total value of the transaction, including GST, is INR 118 lakhs. In this case, TCS at the rate of 1% under Section 206C(1F) will be applicable to Karan. Since Karan is a consumer of the car and not a car dealer, the TCS provision applies.
Consider a scenario where James Enterprises, a car dealer, sells a BMW car to another dealer named Kartina. The bill amount, including GST, is INR 212 lakhs. In this case, James Enterprises is required to collect TCS at the rate of 1% under Section 206C(1F) from Kartina. Despite being a dealer, Kartina intends to use the car for self-consumption, making the TCS provision applicable.
If a company called Car Ltd. sells 20 BMW cars, each priced at INR 100 lakhs (plus 18% GST), to Mahendra Pvt. Ltd., a car dealer, TCS at the rate of 1% under Section 206C(1F) will not be applicable. As per the provisions, this transaction involves sales to a dealer and not to a consumer. However, other TCS/TDS provisions, such as Section 194Q and Section 206C(1H), may apply, subject to specific terms and conditions.
Understanding Section 206C(1F) is crucial for sellers and buyers involved in the sale of motor vehicles. By complying with the provisions and clarifications provided by the CBDT, individuals and entities can ensure smooth transactions while fulfilling their tax obligations. As always, it is advisable to consult with a tax professional or refer to the official guidelines to stay updated on any changes or amendments to the applicable tax laws.
Remember, staying informed and adhering to the relevant provisions will not only help in avoiding penalties but also contribute to a transparent and efficient tax system.
Section 206C(1F) of the Income Tax Act pertains to the requirement of Tax Collection at Source (TCS) on the sale of motor vehicles.
Sellers or dealers engaged in the business of selling motor vehicles are responsible for collecting TCS from buyers at the time of sale.
The applicable rate of TCS under Section 206C(1F) is 1% of the sale consideration, excluding goods and services tax (GST), for motor vehicles exceeding a specified threshold value.
No, TCS is applicable on the sale of both new and old motor vehicles, provided the sale consideration exceeds the specified threshold value.
The threshold value for the applicability of TCS under Section 206C(1F) is ₹10 lakhs for motor vehicles.