Income Tax Return (ITR) is a key document used by individuals and businesses to report yearly income, deductions, exemptions, and tax liabilities. It helps taxpayers report financial transactions, income sources, and expenses. Accurate and timely ITR filing is crucial to avoid penalties, adhere to tax laws, and maintain a positive standing with tax authorities.
In this article, we will explore the important aspects of ITR filing for FY 2022-23 (AY 2023-24) and discuss the last dates for filing returns, payment of advance tax, TDS payments, and more. Let's dive in!
The last date for filing ITR for different categories of taxpayers for FY 2022-23 (AY 2023-24) varies. It is important to be aware of the due dates to ensure timely compliance with tax regulations. Here are the due dates for ITR filing:
|Taxpayer Category||ITR Filing Due Date-FY 2022-23||Due date to file audit report for FY 2022-23|
|Businesses (Audit cases)||31st October 2023||30th September 2023|
|Business (Non-Audit cases)||31st July 2023||-|
|Association of Persons (AOP)||31st July 2023||-|
|Body of Individuals (BOI)||31st July 2023||-|
|Individual||31st July 2023||-|
|Trusts, colleges, political parties (Audit Cases)||31st October 2023||30th September 2023|
|Trusts, colleges, political parties (Non-Audit Cases)||31st July 2023||-|
|Report to be filed u/s 92E||31st October 2023||-|
|Furnishing of Income Tax Return in case of Transfer Pricing||30th November 2023||-|
|Revised Return||31st December 2023||-|
|Belated/Late Return||31st December 2023||-|
It is important to note that the due dates for ITR filing may be subject to change by the tax authorities. It is advisable to stay updated with the latest notifications and announcements.
Filing income tax returns on time is not only a legal obligation but also crucial for various reasons. Let's understand why timely ITR filing is important:
"Timely filing of income tax returns enables the government to assess and collect taxes efficiently, ensuring the smooth functioning of public services and welfare initiatives."
"Filing income tax returns on time is a legal obligation imposed by the government."
"By filing their Income Tax Return, taxpayers fulfill their legal obligation to report their income and pay the applicable taxes."
"It is a declaration of their taxable income and the taxes they owe or are eligible to receive as a refund."
Apart from filing ITR, taxpayers are also required to pay advance tax if their total tax liability for the financial year is INR 10,000 or more. Advance tax payments are made in installments throughout the year. Here are the due dates for the payment of advance tax for FY 2022-23:
|Installment||Due Date||For all assessee (except assessee referred in next column)||Assessee declaring income under presumptive schemes under 44AD / 44ADA|
|1st||Till 15th June||15% of the amount of advance tax||Nil|
|2nd||Till 15th September||45% of the amount of advance tax||Nil|
|3rd||Till 15th December||75% of the amount of advance tax||Nil|
|4th||Till 15th March||100% of the amount of advance tax||100%|
It is important to calculate and pay advance tax in a timely manner to avoid interest and penalties.
"You have to pay advance tax only if your total tax liability is Rs. 10,000 or more in a financial year."
Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is a mechanism through which the government collects tax at the time of making specified payments such as salary, interest, rent, etc. The due dates for TDS payments vary depending on the category of the taxpayer. Here are the due dates for TDS payments for FY 2022-23:
Due Date for TDS payment in case of Govt. Assessee:
|For the Month||Due Date|
|April 2022 to February 2023||Last date of the month in which TDS/TCS is deducted or collected|
|March 2023||7th April 2023|
Due Date for TDS payment in case of Non-Govt. Assessee:
|For the Month||Due Date|
|April 2022 to February 2023||7th of next month|
|March 2023||30th April 2023|
It is important to adhere to the due dates for TDS payments to avoid interest and penalties.
"Tax deducted by a Government assessee without challan (i.e. treasury Challan) should be deposited on the same day of deduction."
Certain categories of taxpayers are allowed to make quarterly payments of TDS under specific sections of the Income Tax Act. Here are the due dates for quarterly payment of TDS for FY 2022-23:
|For the quarter||Due Date|
|Ending 30th June||7th July|
|Ending 30th September||7th October|
|Ending 31st December||7th January|
|Ending 31st March||30th April|
It is important to note that the due date for quarterly TDS payments may vary depending on the specific section under which TDS is deducted.
"Under section 192(1A), the payment has to be made within seven days (7 days) of the last day of the month in which the deduction is made or income tax is due."
Quarterly TDS returns must be submitted by both government and non-government deductors. These returns provide details of TDS deductions made during a specific quarter. Here are the due dates for submitting quarterly TDS returns for FY 2022-23:
|1||01 April 2022 to 30 June 2022||31st July 2022|
|2||01 July 2022 to 30 September 2022||31st October 2022|
|3||01 October 2022 to 31 December 2022||31st January 2023|
|4||01 January 2023 to 31 March 2023||31st May 2023|
It is crucial for deductors to submit TDS returns within the prescribed timelines to avoid penalties and non-compliance.
"Form 24Q is a quarterly statement for the Return of TDS details on Salary Payments."
"Form 26Q is a quarterly statement for Return of TDS details on Other than Salary Payments (Domestic)."
"Form 27Q is a quarterly statement for Return of TDS details on Other than Salary Payments (NRI/Foreign)(additional income like interest, dividends)."
"Form 27EQ is for TCS Return."
TDS certificates must be issued by deductors to the deductees within specific timelines. These certificates provide details of TDS deductions made on income. Here are the due dates for issuing TDS certificates for FY 2022-23:
|Form No.||Due Date||Periodicity|
|Form 16||31st May 2023 (for FY 2022-23)||Annual|
|Form 16A||Within 15 days from the due date of furnishing TDS return||Quarterly|
|Form 16B||Within 15 days from the due date of furnishing challan in Form No. 26QB||Each transaction|
|Form 16C||Within 15 days from the due date of furnishing challan in Form No. 26QC||Each transaction|
|Form 27D||Within 15 days from the due date of furnishing TCS return||Quarterly|
It is important for deductors to issue TDS certificates within the prescribed timelines to ensure compliance with tax regulations.
"Form 16A is for TDS deducted on income other than salary."
"Form 27D is a Tax Collection Certificate (TCS)."
Filing income tax returns on time is essential for individuals and businesses to fulfill their tax obligations, avoid penalties, and maintain good standing with the tax authorities. The last date for ITR filing for FY 2022-23 (AY 2023-24) varies depending on the category of the taxpayer. It is crucial to be aware of the due dates for ITR filing, payment of advance tax, TDS payments, and issuance of TDS certificates to ensure timely compliance with tax regulations.
By staying informed and adhering to the prescribed timelines, taxpayers can ensure a smooth and hassle-free tax filing process. It is advisable to consult with a tax professional or utilize online platforms for accurate and timely filing of income tax returns.
Remember, timely filing of income tax returns not only fulfills your legal obligations but also contributes to the efficient functioning of the government and supports public services and welfare initiatives.