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Indian Companies Face GST Demand Notices for Claiming Blocked Credits


The implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India has brought about significant changes in the taxation system. However, some Indian companies are now facing challenges as they receive GST demand notices for claiming blocked credits. This article delves into the reasons behind these notices and the concerns raised by the industry. We will also explore the ongoing court proceedings related to blocked credit claims and the potential implications for businesses.

Understanding the Issue

The issuance of GST demand notices by the authorities has become a pressing concern for many Indian companies. These notices are being sent to ensure timely resolution of credit-related disputes. However, the industry is apprehensive that the first adjudicating authority may confirm the demand, leading to additional litigation costs and pre-deposit requirements for filing appeals.

The Supreme Court's Involvement

The Supreme Court of India has been actively considering the industry's case regarding blocked credits. In a recent hearing on Section 17 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) Act, the court reserved orders and directed the petitioners to submit written submissions for a comprehensive examination of the matter.

Industry Players Seek Resolution

Various industry players, including commercial complexes, malls, warehouses, factories, and pharmaceutical companies, have filed pleas in different High Courts to address the statutory provision of blocking credits under the GST regime. These pleas were eventually consolidated and brought before the Supreme Court.

Reasons for Blocking Credits

The authorities disallow credits for works contract services, other services, and goods used in the construction of immovable properties. Revenue officials argue that constructing an immovable property creates an asset exempt from GST, justifying the rejection of credit applications. However, the industry believes that such credits should not be refused as the ultimate goal is to provide taxable services, such as leasing, rather than producing immovable properties.

Experts' Arguments

Experts representing several taxpayers have argued that blocking credits under the GST framework defeats the fundamental objectives of the tax system and leads to tax cascading. They contend that the objective of GST is to ensure a seamless flow of credits, and any blocking of credits undermines this purpose. Goods and services procured, even for construction purposes, are ultimately used for rendering taxable services or supplies.

Interpreting the Legal Framework

The non-obstante clause, which is invoked to prevent the credit, should not violate the legal framework. It is crucial to interpret the requirements so that credit is only restricted for personal use or consumption and not barred for business-to-business transactions.

Court Reservations and Written Submissions

The Supreme Court has reserved its orders on the matter, awaiting the written submissions from the petitioners. Once the submissions are received, the court will comprehensively address the concerns raised by the industry.

Implications for Businesses

The outcome of the court's decision regarding blocked credit claims will have significant implications for businesses across various sectors. If the court upholds the blocking of credits, it could lead to increased litigation costs and create a cascading effect on the tax burden faced by businesses.


The issue of GST demand notices for claiming blocked credits has become a critical concern for Indian companies. The ongoing court proceedings and the industry's arguments highlight the need for a comprehensive examination of the statutory provisions related to the blocking of credits. The outcome of this case will significantly impact businesses and the overall effectiveness of the GST framework. It is essential to strike a balance between preventing misuse of credits and ensuring the seamless flow of credits within the system.


Frequently Asked Questions

GST demand notices are official communications issued by tax authorities to Indian companies regarding discrepancies or non-compliance with GST laws. Indian companies are receiving these notices for claiming blocked credits, which are ineligible for input tax credit under GST regulations.

Blocked credits refer to input tax credits that are ineligible for claiming under the GST regime due to specific provisions or restrictions outlined in the GST law. These credits typically pertain to certain goods, services, or expenses for which input tax credit cannot be availed.

The issuance of GST demand notices to Indian companies for claiming blocked credits is triggered by discrepancies or inconsistencies identified by tax authorities during audits, assessments, or scrutiny of GST returns, where companies have erroneously claimed input tax credit on blocked items.

The consequences of receiving GST demand notices for claiming blocked credits include the potential reversal of input tax credit claimed on blocked items, payment of additional tax liability along with penalties and interest charges, and compliance obligations to rectify the discrepancies identified.

Indian companies can respond to GST demand notices for claiming blocked credits by reviewing the contents of the notices, analyzing the reasons for disallowance of credits, providing clarifications or explanations to tax authorities, and submitting relevant documents or evidence to support their case.


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