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Income Tax and Tax Evasion by Insurance Companies


Income tax is a crucial aspect of any country's financial system, wherein individuals and organizations are obligated to pay taxes on their income. However, instances of tax evasion have been observed, leading to substantial losses to the exchequer. One such incident involves insurance companies in India, where tax evasion worth Rs 15,000 crore has been uncovered. In this article, we will delve into the details of this tax evasion and its implications.

Investigation and Findings

The Income Tax (I-T) department launched an investigation into insurance companies to uncover potential tax evasion related to commission payments. The investigation covered more than 25 insurers and 250 businesses. The findings revealed tax evasion amounting to Rs 15,000 crore. The investigation has concluded, and a tax assessment of approximately Rs 4,500 crore will be levied.

According to sources, the detailed findings of the investigation, including the alleged evasion methods and amounts involved, have been shared with the assessing officers of the concerned firms. Based on these findings, the assessment officers will raise the tax demand, which will include interest and penalties.

Read More:- Understanding Types of Companies in India under Companies Act 2013

GST Investigation

Apart from the Income Tax department, the Directorate General of GST Intelligence (DGGI) also conducted an investigation into insurance companies. The DGGI focused on alleged fake input tax credit (ITC) claims made by insurers. The investigation aimed to identify any violations of the regulations set by the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI).

In April, it was reported that the GST authorities were nearing the completion of their investigation and expected to issue show-cause letters to private insurance companies. The investigation primarily revolved around the commissions paid to agents by insurers. The GST authorities raised concerns about the alleged use of shell companies to provide agents with excessive commissions, surpassing the prescribed cap.

Controversies and Industry Response

The insurance industry has contested the allegations made by the GST authorities, asserting that the situation has been misinterpreted. According to insurers, the expenses categorized as commissions on services by the authorities are, in fact, marketing and sales-related expenditures. They argue that this misclassification has led to a misunderstanding of the situation.

In July, it came to light that around 15 insurance companies, including prominent names like HDFC Life Insurance and Aditya Birla Sun Life Insurance, were found to be evading GST worth Rs 2,350 crore.

Read More:- Modes of Winding Up of a Company as per Companies Act

What is Tax Evasion?

Tax evasion refers to the illegal act of intentionally avoiding the payment of taxes. It involves various illicit practices such as concealing income, inflating deductions, and not reporting cash transactions. Tax evasion is a serious offense that can result in criminal charges and substantial penalties.

Penalties for Tax Evasion

The income tax department has the authority to impose several penalties on individuals and companies found guilty of tax evasion or avoidance. These penalties may also apply to companies that fail to report and pay their taxes or neglect to deduct taxes at the source when required. Some of these penalties include:

  1. Collecting 100% to 300% of the tax amount when undisclosed income is detected.
  2. Imposing a penalty amount not exceeding the tax due in case of failure to pay taxes.
  3. Levying penalties ranging from 100% to 300% of the tax amount due for concealing income or taxable fringe benefits.
  4. Imposing a penalty of Rs. 25,000 for failure to maintain proper accounts as directed by section 44AA.
  5. Charging a penalty of Rs. 1.5 lakhs or 0.5% of the sales turnover, whichever is less, for failing to get an audit done or provide an audit report.
  6. Requiring payment of the tax due in cases where an organization fails to deduct tax during payments.


Tax evasion by insurance companies worth Rs 15,000 crore has been a significant concern for the Income Tax department and the GST authorities. The investigations have shed light on alleged tax evasion practices and violations of regulatory frameworks. The penalties for tax evasion are severe, aiming to deter individuals and companies from engaging in such illicit activities. It is essential for the authorities to continue their efforts in uncovering tax evasion and ensuring the proper collection of taxes to maintain a fair and transparent financial system.

Frequently Asked Questions

Tax evasion is the illegal act of reducing tax liability through methods such as making false statements, concealing relevant documents, improper record-keeping, or wrongly categorizing personal expenses as business expenses.

According to the Union Budget 2023, income from insurance policies (excluding ULIP plans) issued on or after April 1, 2023, will be taxable if the total annual premium exceeds Rs. 5 Lakhs. However, insurance payouts will be tax-exempt in the event of the policyholder's death.

According to section 194DA, TDS will be deducted on maturity value payments if the amount is not exempt under section 10(10D) or if it does not exceed 1 lakh in a financial year. The TDS rate is 1%.

Tax evasion is the criminal act of individuals or companies trying to avoid paying their taxes. This can involve hiding or inventing income, falsifying deductions without evidence, or not reporting cash transactions.

Tax evasion is the illegal act of intentionally avoiding paying the correct amount of taxes. Individuals or entities caught evading taxes may face criminal charges and significant penalties.


The Tax Heaven

Mr.Vishwas Agarwal✍📊, a seasoned Chartered Accountant 📈💼 and the co-founder & CEO of THE TAX HEAVEN, brings 10 years of expertise in financial management and taxation. Specializing in ITR filing 📑🗃, GST returns 📈💼, and income tax advisory. He offers astute financial guidance and compliance solutions to individuals and businesses alike. Their passion for simplifying complex financial concepts into actionable insights empowers readers with valuable knowledge for informed decision-making. Through insightful blog content, he aims to demystify financial complexities, offering practical advice and tips to navigate the intricate world of finance and taxation.

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